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What is the difference between HTTP and HTTPS And How HTTPS Work

In this article we will explain to you what is HTTP and HTTPS,  how does HTTPS works and what is the benefit of using HTTPS 


HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol is an application-layer protocol for transmitting hypermedia documents, similarly as HTML. It communicates between web browsers and web servers. HTTP follows a classical client-server model, with a client opening a connection to make a request. After that waiting until it receives a response. HTTP is a stateless protocol, consequently the server does not keep any data (state) between two requests.

HTTPS is an upgraded version of the network protocol standard HTTP. With HTTPS, websites create a secure online experience by encrypting data, like names, addresses, and credit card numbers, and ensuring its safe transfer to the site’s server.

How Does HTTPS Work?

HTTPS pages use one of two secure protocols to encrypt communications:

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer).
TLS (Transport Layer Security).
Both of SSL and TLS use the ‘asymmetric’ Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) system. An asymmetric system uses (the ‘public’ key and the ‘private’ key) to encrypt communications.

Consequently, the public key encrypts anything and only be decrypted by the private key and vice-versa.

certainly the ‘private’ key should be kept strictly protected. And only the owner can access the private key. In the case of a website, the private key remains securely ensconced on the web server. Conversely, the public key is intended to be distributed to anybody and everybody that needs to be able to decrypt information that was encrypted with the private key.

Benefits of Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

  • Secures your website.
  • Helps your site to appear in search results.
  • Protects your business and your customers.
  • Give your company a powerful trust signal.

In conclusion, when surfing the internet. Users should always make sure that the websites they visit guarantee a secure connection and the protection of sensitive information. Users can easily find out about the use of HTTP Secure by looking for “https://” at the beginning of the address line in their web browsers. In most cases, the secure protocol is also visually highlighted by a small padlock symbol.


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